Developing Awareness of Unknown Sounds to Improve Merging and Substitution Pronunciation Mistakes

  • Evelyn Almeida Universidad Central del Ecuador Universidad de las Fuerzas Armadas ESPE
  • Diana Castillo Universidad Central del EcuadorPontificia Universidad Catolica del Ecuador
  • Soledad Parra Universidad Central del Ecuador


Abstract: Although emphasis on teaching pronunciation of a second language has been almost null among EFL educators and researchers, recent studies portray pronunciation as a key factor to learn a second language.  This paper reviews literature of experts on the field who highlight the relevance of teaching pronunciation.  In order to provide the readers with a theoretical basis the paper first presents a review of recent discussions on the necessity to teach pronunciation.  Then it offers a description of the features of pronunciation, influential factors, problems such as merging and substitution caused by the differences between the First and Second Language phonological system, and teaching methodologies.  Out of this context, we have favored one of the approaches which shed light on the development of pronunciation awareness. Finally some activities which aim to help learners pronounce unknown sounds in a clear and intelligible way are proposed.

Key words: pronunciation, phonological awareness, merging and substitution mistakes

Biografía del autor/a

Evelyn Almeida, Universidad Central del Ecuador Universidad de las Fuerzas Armadas ESPE

Docente Centro de Idiomas (Universidad Central del Ecuador)

DOcente Carrera de Linguistica Applicada al Idioma Ingles (Universidad de las Fuerzas Armadas ESPE)


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